Check out our Patreon page: https://www.patreon.com/teded View full lesson: https://ed.ted.com/lessons/the-amazing-ways-plants-defend-themselves-valentin-hammoudi Plants are constantly under attack. They face threats ranging from microscopic fungi to small herbivores like caterpillars, up to large herbivores like elephants. But plants are ready, with a whole series of internal and external defenses that make them a less appealing meal — or even a deadly one. Valentin Hammoudi explains some of the fascinating ways that plants defend themselves. Lesson by Valentin Hammoudi, directed by Juan M. Urbina Studios.